Return to Main Database Page

Reference Tools

African American Music Reference

Includes text reference, biographies, chronologies, sheet music, images, lyrics, liner notes, and discographies which chronicle the diverse history and culture of the African American experience through music.

Benezit Dictionary of Artists

The Benezit Dictionary of Artists is now available online for the first time via Oxford Art Online. With nearly 170,000 entries on artists from antiquity to the present day and featuring regular updates, Benezit is one of the most comprehensive and definitive resources on artists in the English language.

Biography & Genealogy Master Index

Indexes current and important retrospective works that cover individuals, both living and deceased, from every field of activity and from all areas of the world.

Biography in Context

Contains nearly a million biographical entries spanning history and geography. Includes biographies covering more than 525,000 individuals.

Book Review Digest Plus, 1983-present

 Brings together book reviews on a wide range of topics, from a variety of sources. Unlike reviews on book-sale sites and the open Internet, many of the reviews are serious, academic works.

Book Review Digest Retrospective, 1903-1982

 Provides excerpts from and citations to reviews of adult and juvenile fiction and non-fiction.

Britannica Online

Includes the complete encyclopedia, as well as Merriam-Webster´s Collegiate Dictionary and the Britannica Book of the Year. You can also use EB Online to search an Internet directory that includes more than 130,000 links to Web sites selected, rated, and reviewed by Britannica editors

Classical Music Reference Library

Offers comprehensive coverage of all classical genres, spanning music from the Medieval period to the 21st century, including definitions of musical terms and biographical information on the major classical composers and artists.

Contemporary Authors Online

A bio-bibliographical guide, CA covers more than 130,000 current writers in a wide range of media back to 1964. CA contains the most recent, complete author entries from Contemporary Authors, Contemporary Authors New Revision Series, and Contemporary Authors Permanent Series.

Credo Reference Collection

Credo Reference is a large online research tool that searches over 500 reference resources, as well as over 200,000 images and audio files and nearly 100 videos. Several music reference sources are also included in this database, including The Harvard Dictionary of Music.

Dictionary of Literary Biography Online

Dictionary of Literary Biography Complete Online brings you complete online access to all volumes of Gale's award-wining reference set, Dictionary of Literary Biography, the main series, as well as Dictionary of Literary Biography Documentary Series and Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook Series.

Encyclopedia of Africa

Covers prominent individuals, events, trends, places, political movements, art forms, business and trade, religions, ethnic groups, organizations, and countries throughout Africa. In-depth articles examine contemporary nations of sub-Saharan Africa, ethnic groups from various regions of Africa, and European colonial powers.

Encyclopedia of African American History 1619-1895

The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 documents the full range of the African American experience during that period—from the arrival of the first slave ship to the death of Frederick Douglass—and shows how all aspects of American culture, history, and national identity have been profoundly influenced by the experience of African Americans.

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1895-present

Traces the transition from the Reconstruction Era to the age of Jim Crow, the Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights Movement, and the ascendant influence of African Americans on the American cultural landscape. With coverage up to and including the 2008 election of Barack Obama.

Encyclopedia of Associations (Gale)

Through the Directory website, users can search all 3 directories; Regional, National, and International Organizations. Users can search, sort, export and analyze data from the most recent editions of all 3 directories.

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Encyclopedia of Human Rights 

Europa World Yearbook

First published in 1926, the year book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in over 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Gale Virtual Reference Library

Search the contents of over 100 online reference books covering science, health, history, medicine, religion, and social science.

Garland Encyclopedia of World Music

A comprehensive online resource devoted to music research of all the world´s peoples.

Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture


Grove encyclopedia of Materials & Techniques in Art

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art offers the most comprehensive, up-to-date information on all aspects of this fundamental area of the visual arts. Coverage includes materials in art practice, materials in conservation, classes of artifacts, techniques and methods, tools, theory, fakes & forgeries, and conservation theorists and practitioners.

Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History

This comprehensive encyclopedia covers the reciprocal effects that the politics, foreign policy, and culture of Spain, Portugal, and the American nations have had on one another since the time of Columbus.

International Encyclopedia of Dance

The International Encyclopedia of Dance covers the full spectrum of dance-theatrical, ritual, dance-drama, folk, traditional, ethnic, and social dance. Cultural and National overviews are accompanied by entries on dance forms, music and costumes, performances, and biographies of dancers and coreographers. 

Literature Criticism Online

Provides easy access to  a range of modern and historical views on authors and their works across regions, eras and genres: Contemporary Literary Criticism, Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, Shakespeare Criticism, Literature Criticism 1400-1800, Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism, Poetry Criticism, Short Story Criticism, Drama Criticism, and Dictionary of Literary Biography.

Merriam-Webster Online

Online version of Merriam-Webster´s Collegiate Dictionary.

OED (Oxford English Dictionary)

The OED Online contains the complete text of the 20-volume Second Edition, first published in 1989, together with its 3-volume Additions Series, published in 1993 (volumes 1 and 2) and 1997 (volume 3).

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Hinduism

The study of Hinduism is diverse—it combines religion, philosophy, history, and textual studies, as well as informing a variety of comparative studies. Oxford Bibliographies in Hinduism offers a reliable, up-to-date, and authoritative guide to the best literature in the field.

Oxford Companion to the Book

The Oxford Companion to the Book is a unique work of reference, covering the book, broadly conceived, throughout the world from ancient to modern times.

Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Covers all key aspects of European history, society, and culture from 500 to 1500 A.D., as well as the Byzantine Empire, Islamic dynasties, and Asiatic peoples of the era.

Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought


Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece & Rome


Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare & Military Technology


Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Provides information about major world developments from 1750 to the present, with close attention to social, economic, cultural, and political topics.

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Music of India


Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Captures the experiences of women throughout history. Contains over 650 biographies of influential women and over 600 topical articles covering topics such as geography and history, culture and society, organizations, movements, and gender studies

Oxford History of Western Music Online

The Oxford History of Western Music contains the full text from the five-volume 2009 paperback edition complete with notes, bibliographies, and further readings for each of the 69 chapters, numerous illustrations, and 1,800 musical examples.

Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Provides both historical and contemporary comparisons of the world legal systems.  Covers legal history from ancient to modern times.

Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace


Parry & Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law

 Includes coverage of international law including diplomatic law, criminal law, human rights, and more.


RefWorks is a Web-based bibliography and database manager that allows users to create their own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases. They can use these references in writing their papers and automatically format the paper and the bibliography in seconds.

Science Reference Center

Contains full text for hundreds of science encyclopedias, reference books, periodicals and other sources.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) was designed so that each entry is maintained and kept up to date by an expert or group of experts in the field. All entries and substantive updates are refereed by the members of a distinguished Editorial Board before they are made public. Consequently, our dynamic reference work maintains academic standards while evolving and adapting in response to new research. You can cite fixed editions that are created on a quarterly basis and stored in our Archives (every entry contains a link to its complete archival history, identifying the fixed edition the reader should cite).

U.S. History in Context

Covering U.S. history from colonial times to the present, this is an integrated collection of articles from journals, magazines and newspapers; reference works; primary source documents; timelines; historical maps and atlases, and audio and video clips of historic speeches and events.

World History in Context

Extensive coverage of the 20th century, and also covers the Ancient Mediterranean, Ancient Near East and Asia as well as the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the modern Middle East and Latin America. Moves chronologically from antiquity to the present and geographically around the globe, the events that define, inform and shape world history are covered with a sense of balance. This is an integrated collection of articles from journals, magazines and newspapers; reference works; primary sources; a graphical time line, research guide, historical maps and images.