Professor: Moorton; Assistant Professor in Arabic: Athemneh; Visiting Instructor: Beasley; Assistant Professor Adler, chair
Associated Faculty in Medieval Studies:
Professor: Paxton (History); Associate Professor: Alchermes (Art History and Architectural Studies); Assistant Professor: Ferhatovic (English)
The Major in Classics
Classics majors must select one of the following three concentrations:
Classical Languages: Students must complete a total of nine courses in Greek, in Latin, or in a combination of both languages, at least two of which must be at the advanced level. Students may, in consultation with the department, substitute two classics courses taught in English.
Classical Studies: Students must complete eleven courses from the following set of requirements, six of which must be at the 200 level or higher:
- Classics 101 and 102.
- Either Classics 104 or Art History 121.
- Two 200-level courses in Classics. In place of one of these courses, students may substitute a freshman seminar taught by a faculty member in Classics.
- Four courses in Greek, in Latin, or in a combination of both languages.
- Two 300-level courses in Classics. Students may also satisfy this requirement by completing Classics 497-498.
Classical and Medieval Studies: Students must complete eleven courses from the following set of requirements, six of which must be at the 200 level or higher:
- One course in Arabic, Greek, or Latin at the intermediate or advanced level.
- Four of the following: Art History 121; Classics 101, 102; History 231; Religious Studies 158.
- Four of the following: Art History 222, 238, 248, 260, 305; Classics 230, 314; Government 211; Hispanic Studies 301; History 232, 249; Music 247; Philosophy 241; Religious Studies 114, 203, 207; Slavic Studies 248.
- One of the following: Art History 493C/494C, 493Q/494Q, 493R/494R; English 330, 333; Italian 302; Medieval Studies 493L/494L; Religious Studies 493L/494L. In addition, students must complete either a second course from the preceding list or one of the following: Medieval Studies 491, 492; Classics 497-498.
Advisers: E. Adler, R. Moorton (Classical Languages and Classical Studies); J. Alchermes, F. Paxton (Classical and Medieval Studies)
The Minor in Classics
Classics minors must select one of the following four concentrations:
Latin: Students must complete five courses in Latin, including either Latin 301 or 302.
Greek: Students must complete five courses in Greek, including either Greek 301 or 302.
Classical Studies: Students must complete the following requirements:
- Two of the following: Classics 101, 102, 104.
- Two 200-level courses in Classics.
- One 300-level course in Classics.
Classical and Medieval Studies: Students must complete the following requirements:
- Classics 102.
- One of the following: Art History 248, 260; Slavic Studies 248.
- History 231 and 232.
- One of the following: Art History 493R/494R, English 330, 333; Italian 302; Religious Studies 114, 203; Medieval Studies 491, 492.
Learning Goals in the Classics Major
The discipline of Classics comprises the study of Greek and Roman antiquity. It is an inherently interdisciplinary program which disposes students to look for connections which can link disparate areas of human experience.
Students majoring in Classics gain insight into the foundations of the modern Western world. They come to understand the achievements of Greek and Roman antiquity and how they illuminate many ideas and aspects of the contemporary world. Students will gain experience and insight in all the fields which constitute and support Classics. These include the study of Latin and Greek, ancient art and architecture, literary criticism, philosophy and the physical remains of antiquity (archeology). In addition to courses in Latin and Greek which provide the foundation of English and modern Romance languages, students will find available to them a broad spectrum of traditional Classics courses in translation, including Greek and Roman civilization, epic, tragedy, Greek philosophy, and Roman political history.
To the extent that it is practical, students majoring in Classics will encounter a variety of theories both traditional and modern that apply to Classics. They will thus learn how different interpretative frameworks can be applied to the constituents of a discipline. These theories may include feminism, structuralism, deconstruction, post-colonial theory, eurocentricity (e.g. orientalism), and occidentalism (the prejudice that inverts the errors of orientalism), Marxism, Freudianism, multiculturalism, nationalism, and transnationalism. Importantly, students will develop a critical spirit and a suspicion of ideology.
Students will understand the Classical world as part of a community of ancient cultures (e.g. Egypt, Israel, Persia, Phoenicia, the various Mesopotamian Empires, etc.). They will learn the vital role that Classics played in the foundation of subsequent civilizations such as Christian Europe, Byzantium, and Islam, and through them the modern world. They will attain a sense Classics' role had in the foundation of the liberal arts, which were originally the ancient educational groups the Trivium (Grammar, Rhetoric/Literature, and Logic), and the Quadrivium (Arithmetic, Geometry, Music, and Astronomy). The students should understand that Classics is common ground on which most disciplines can meet in disciplinary cross-fertilization.
One of the most important goals of Classics is to teach students to think, read, and write critically and clearly. Classics faculty do this by the example of their professional practice; by the encouragement of logical rigor, intellectual honesty, and fairness in the student. A notable goal is to develop skills in close reading, both of primary texts and secondary scholarship. Students learn how to analyze in detail, and how to describe the results of analysis in interpretative and research essays. This ability enables Classics students to work in numerous professions. Our graduates have gone into such fields as education, museum work, law, government, medicine, business and religious ministry. There are many other fields which would benefit from students trained in Classics.
GREEK 101, 102 ELEMENTARY GREEK A beginner's course in Greek, designed to develop rapidly the student's ability in reading 5th- and 4th-century Attic Greek, Homer, and Herodotus. Grammar and vocabulary are integrated into texts which acquaint the student directly with characteristics of Greek culture.
Open only to students with fewer than two years of Greek at entrance. Enrollment limited to 20 students. Staff
GREEK 201 PLATO AND ATTIC PROSE A continuation of the integrated approach designed to facilitate rapid reading in Greek prose writers.
Prerequisite: Greek 102 or two or three years of Greek at entrance. Enrollment limited to 20 students. Staff
GREEK 202 HOMER Selections from The Iliad and The Odyssey. Study of Homeric poems as oral literature.
Prerequisite: Greek 201 or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 20 students. R. Moorton
GREEK 301, 302 SELECTED GREEK AUTHORS Designed to fit the needs and interests of advanced students in Greek literature. Readings in such representative authors and fields as Plato, Greek tragedy and comedy, lyric and elegiac poetry, Herodotus, Thucydides, and biblical Greek.
Prerequisite: Three or four years of Greek at entrance; or Greek 201 or 202; or permission of the instructor. The course may be repeated for credit with the contents changed. Enrollment limited to 20 students. Staff
GREEK 391, 392 INDIVIDUAL STUDY Advanced study on a subject to be chosen by the student in consultation with the department.
LATIN 101, 102 ELEMENTARY LATIN An introduction to the fundamentals of the Latin language with reading of easy passages from the Roman authors. Stress will be laid on developing a facility in reading classical Latin.
Three hours weekly. Open only to students with fewer than two years of Latin at entrance. Enrollment limited to 20 students. E. Adler
LATIN 201, 202 INTERMEDIATE LATIN PROSE AND POETRY First semester: A review of grammar and syntax providing a transition from learning grammar to reading Latin texts by a variety of authors. Second semester: Selected books of Virgil's Aeneid.
Prerequisite: Latin 201 or permission of the instructor is a prerequisite for Latin 202. Enrollment limited to 20 students. Staff
LATIN 301, 302 READINGS IN LATIN AUTHORS Topics are designed to fit the needs and interests of students with advanced standing in Latin. The course may be repeated for credit with the contents changed.
Prerequisite: Four credits of Latin at entrance or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 20 students. Staff
LATIN 301A CATULLUS AND CICERO
LATIN 301B COMEDY: PLAUTUS AND TERENCE
LATIN 301C SALLUST AND LUCRETIUS
LATIN 302D HORACE AND OVID
LATIN 302E LIVY AND TACITUS
LATIN 302F PETRONIUS AND APULEIUS
LATIN 391, 392 INDIVIDUAL STUDY Advanced study on a subject to be chosen by the student in consultation with the department.
CLASSICS 101 GREECE The history and archaeology of Greece from the Bronze Age to the time of Alexander the Great, with special attention to the history of the Athenian democracy.
Enrollment limited to 40 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 7. Staff
CLASSICS 102 THE ROMAN WORLD This course examines Roman civilization from its inception to the fall of the Roman Empire. It focuses on the major achievements in the history, literature, art, philosophy, and religion of the Romans.
Enrollment limited to 40 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 7. E. Adler
CLASSICS 104 CLASSICAL MYTHOLOGY A study through reading, illustrated lectures, and discussion of the more important myths of Greece and Rome and of their relation to literature, art, and religion. Some consideration will be given to comparative mythology and to the structural analysis of myth.
Enrollment limited to 40 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 6. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 105 MYTH AND NARRATIVE Greek and Roman stories about the gods, heroes, and monsters are still retold to American audiences as bedtime stories, adventure films, or novels. But these retellings radically change many of the details and themes of the older stories. This course will introduce the corpus of Greek and Roman myth, paying attention to social and cultural contexts of myths' performances (oral, written, visual, dramatic, etc.) and interpretations in the ancient world. We will also discuss the ways that modern contexts lead to particular modern versions of some of those myths, focusing on the ways that narratives shape, and are shaped by, their tellers and audiences' expectations.
Enrollment limited to 40 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 6 and is a designated Writing course. T. Wellman
CLASSICS 200 DIONYSUS: CULTURE AND THE IRRATIONAL A comparative study of classical and modern significations of the irrational. Emphasis on the classical background to modern versions of eros, transcendence, and madness.
Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Enrollment limited to 30 students. Staff
CLASSICS 203 CLASSICAL EPIC A study of ancient epic with special emphasis on Homer's Iliad and Odyssey,and Virgil's Aeneid. Other examples of epic literature will be included. Attention will be given to the development of oral and written forms of epic and to epic's influence on later literature
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 4. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 204 GREEK TRAGEDY A reading of the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides with emphasis on their cultural, political, and social values. Study of Aristotle's Poetics and classical theory of literary criticism. Consideration will be given to the origin and development of Greek drama, the ancient Greek stage, and the influence of classical tragedy on later literature.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 4. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 205 REPRESENTATIONS OF VIOLENCE IN CLASSICAL LITERATURE AND MODERN FILM An exploration of the ethical and aesthetic dimensions of violence in classical literature and modern cinema, with a special focus on the historical and cultural factors that shape the way violence is portrayed, the uses to which it is put, and the limits of its representation. Consideration will be given to questions of genre and medium as we explore the evolution of attitudes toward literary and cinematic violence in classical antiquity and contemporary America. Texts include portions of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil's Aeneid and Lucan's Bellum Civile; films include Psycho, Saving Private Ryan, Bonnie and Clyde,and Funny Games.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. T. Beasley
CLASSICS 210 GREEK AND ROMAN ETHICS Greek ethical thought from the Sophists, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle to Epicurus and the Stoics with attention to the Roman development of these views. Topics include pleasure, the nature of goodness, happiness, love, and friendship in relation to the political and social background of ancient society. This is the same course as Philosophy 230.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 6. Staff
CLASSICS 216 WARFARE IN GRECO-ROMAN ANTIQUITY An examination of the practice of war in ancient Greece and Rome. The focus will be on the conduct of war by classical states from the early polis period of Greece to the Roman Empire under Augustus, with attention to asymmetrical warfare and the campaigns of great enemies of Greece and Rome. The course concentrates on land warfare with attention to the development and use of naval forces. Topics include war and the state, reasons for war, the moral rationale of conflict, strategy and tactics, logistics, the training of officers and men, pivotal battles, and great commanders such as Epaminondas, Alexander, Hannibal, Marius, and Caesar.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 7. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 217 GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS An examination ofthe practices and beliefs of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the Classical Period to Late Antiquity. Students explore the basic dynamics of ancient Greek and Roman religious practices, how certain elements remained stable over time, and how others changed in response to the experience of empire and rise of Christianities. This is the same course as Religious Studies 217.
Prerequisite: Open to freshmen and sophomores. Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 6 and is a designated Writing course. T. Wellman
CLASSICS 218 ATHENS AND ITS CRITICS An examination of the politics and political culture of Classical Athens, with special attention to the role of the individual in political community. Other topics include theater as education, the role of religion, justice and litigiousness, leadership and demagoguery. Students will approach these themes through close reading of the literature of Athens, by role-playing Athenian decision-making processes, and in course assignments modeled on Classical literary forms. Readings include Thucydides′ history, Sophocles′ tragedies, Aristophanes′ comedies, Plato′s dialogues, Aristotle′s philosophy, and Demosthenes′speeches.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This is a designated Writing course. D. Gonzalez Rice
CLASSICS 219 SEXUALITY AND EROS IN CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY An examination of sexuality, gender, and the characterization of the erotic in ancient Greece and Rome as reflected in literature, philosophy, and material culture.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. Staff
CLASSICS 222 ANCIENT COMEDY In this course we will read the ancient comedies of Aristophanes, Plautus, and Terence. We will analyze the comic forms and themes of the plays, and what the works reveal of the societies that produced them.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 4. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 229 PROPAGANDA AND TRUTH IN THE AGE OF AGUSTUS An examination of the program and politics of Augustus, the first emperor of Rome, including modern interpretations of him as either benevolent or cunningly manipulative. Emphasis on the historical, literary, artistic, and cultural aspects of his rule, particularly on the use of propaganda to solidify political power. This is the same course as History 229.
Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 7. E. Adler
CLASSICS 230 ROMAN IMPERIALISM AND ITS CRITICS An examination of Roman imperialism, with particular emphasis on the differing views of modern scholars. The class will also focus on the general nature of imperialism, and the influence of contemporary political views regarding modern imperialism on assessments of the Roman world. This is the same course as History 230.
Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors; and to freshmen with permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 30 students. This course satisfies General Education Area 7. E. Adler
CLASSICS 231 ROMANS, BARBARIANS, AND THE CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM, 300-1000 C.E. This is the same course as History 231. Refer to the History listing for a course description.
CLASSICS 234 THE TRANSFORMATION OF WESTERN CULTURE A study of the profound kinship and contradictions between classical antiquity and Western modernity through a series of parallel readings of thematically linked ancient and modern texts: Homer's Odyssey and Nikos Kazantzakis' The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel; Sophocles' Philoctetes and Defoe's Robinson Crusoe; Tacitus' Agricola and Camus' The Stranger; and Cicero's Dream of Scipio and John Varley's Steel Beach.
Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors; and to freshmen with permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 30 students. R. Moorton
CLASSICS 300 SELECTED TOPICS IN CLASSICS Topics to be chosen in accordance with student interest.
Prerequisite: Two courses at the 200 level.
CLASSICS 314 GRECO-ROMAN HISTORIOGRAPHY An examination of the ways in which the ancient Greeks and Romans wrote history. The course focuses on a variety of ancient authors and includes examinations of historical subgenres, such as biography, world history, monographs, and annals. Student will read secondary scholarship on ancient historians embodying different perspectives on Greco-Roman historiography. This class will also discuss modern historiography and its influence on our perceptions of Greek and Roman historians. This is the same course as History 314.
Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Enrollment limited to 16 students. E. Adler
CLASSICS 315 PLATO An intensive study of Plato's philosophy with emphasis on his metaphysics, epistemology, and cosmology. This is the same course as Philosophy 330A.
Open to classics and philosophy majors and minors, and to others with permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 16 students. Staff
CLASSICS 316 EMOTION AND VIOLENCE IN CLASSICAL THOUGHT An examination of the experience and expression of violence, and the instability assigned to emotions generally in Greek and Roman culture. Evidence found in ancient literature will be considered, with attention to the philosophical analysis of the emotions in human life from Plato to Seneca.
Prerequisite: A course in classics or philosophy, or permission of the instructor. Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Enrollment limited to 30 students. Staff
CLASSICS 317 EARLY GREECE AND WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A DISPUTED LEGACY An examination of the foundations of ancient Greek civilization. Through an analysis of the historical, archaeological, and linguistic evidence, the course will shed light on the so-called Black Athena Controversy, which raised doubts about the ancient Greek contribution to Western culture. The course also focuses on the impact of modern politics on scholarly discussions of antiquity and the ways in which the Culture Wars of the 1980s and 1990s have influenced analyses of the ancient Greek world. This is the same course as History 317.
Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Enrollment limited to 30 students. E. Adler
CLASSICS 380 GRAND STRATEGY, ANCIENT AND MODERN A theoretical and practical study of the comprehensive ways−diplomatic, military, economic, cultural−in which civilizations and states advance their values and interests in the world vis-à-vis other civilizations and states. Readings range from classic texts such as those of Sun Tzu and Thucydides to modern case studies and secondary literature. A major course emphasis is to encourage a holistic approach to the subject matter and to engage broad questions of why and how civilizations and states wax and wane. This is the same course as Government 493L, 494L.
Open to juniors and seniors. Enrollment limited to 16 students. This is a designated Writing course. E. Adler and W.J. Coats
CLASSICS 391, 392 INDIVIDUAL STUDY Advanced study on a subject to be chosen by the student in consultation with the department.
MEDIEVAL STUDIES 493L, 494L TO HELL AND BACK: PAGAN, CHRISTIAN, AND MODERN VISIONS OF HUMANITY This is the same course as Religious Studies 493L, 494L. Refer to the Religious Studies listing for a course description.
MEDIEVAL STUDIES 491, 492 INDIVIDUAL STUDY Advanced study on a subject to be chosen by the student in consultation with the department.
CLASSICS 497-498 HONORS STUDY